Conjunctiva and Sclera

CONJUNCTIVAL ABRASION AND LACERATION

Signs and Symptoms While corneal abrasions are among the most common presenting problems in the practice of primary eye care, conjunctival lacerations are uncommon.1-13 Conjunctival abrasions and lacerations result secondary to mechanical rupture of the continuity of the tissue.11-13 Patients almost always present with a history of external (sporting accident, assault, fall, poke, automobile crash,…

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LIMBAL DERMOID

Signs and Symptoms Limbal dermoids, also known as epibulbar or conjunctival dermoids, are generally seen as well-circumscribed oval mass lesions of the ocular surface. They may be unilateral or bilateral, arising from the bulbar conjunctiva and often encroaching across the limbus onto the corneal surface. A predilection for the inferotemporal limbus has been noted.1 Dermoids…

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OCULAR SURFACE SQUAMOUS NEOPLASIA

Signs and Symptoms Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) refers to a spectrum of cancerous and precancerous lesions of the conjunctiva; the term encompasses several conditions, including conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), carcinoma-in-situ and invasive squamous cell carcinoma.1 In industrialized nations such as the United States, the typical patient with OSSN tends to be over 50 years…

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OCULAR CICATRICIAL PEMPHIGOID

Signs and Symptoms Mucous membrane pemphigoid is a heterogeneous group of autoimmune diseases.1-10 It affects primarily the mucous membranes of both the oral and ocular tissues. While disease affecting the oral mucosa tend to have a benign outcome, the ocular disease can demonstrate resistance to treatment with potential scarring and blindness.1-10 When the lesions are…

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PYOGENIC GRANULOMA

Signs and Symptoms Pyogenic granulomas typically present as solitary, rapidly evolving papules or nodules on the skin of the face or lips, or the mucosal surfaces of the eyes or mouth.1 Other areas of the body may be affected as well.1-3 The lesions are soft in texture, usually smooth-surfaced, red to purple in coloration and…

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